Aquis Querquennis Spain: the Roman Caldaria of Bande (2024)

Ruínas de Aquis Querquennis.
Article Index


Aquis Querquennis is an extraordinary Roman archaeological site in the enchanting town of Bande, Spain.

With its rich historical legacy and well-preserved remnants, Aquis Querquennis offers a fascinating window into the grandeur and sophistication of the Roman civilization.

Located in the province of Ourense, Aquis Querquennis holds a significant place in the historical context of the Roman period. You will discover a treasure trove of insights into the vibrant past of this Roman settlement and its impact on the surrounding region.

One of the notable features of Aquis Querquennis is the Roman Caldaria, a thermal bath complex that played a pivotal role in Roman culture. These baths were not merely places of cleansing but served as vital social and recreational hubs, where people came together to indulge in relaxation, rejuvenation, and communal activities.

Archaeological excavations at Aquis Querquennis have unearthed a wealth of discoveries, shedding light on the lives of the Romans who once occupied this site.

The preservation efforts undertaken to safeguard the Caldaria and its surroundings have ensured that future generations can marvel at the splendor of this ancient complex.

When you visit Aquis Querquennis, you can expect a captivating visitor experience. The site offers practical amenities such as visitor centers, guided tours, and interpretive displays that provide valuable insights into its historical and cultural significance.

Engage in interactive workshops, demonstrations, or reenactments to further immerse yourself in the Roman era.

The Roman Caldaria in Bande

The Roman Caldaria at Aquis Querquennis in Bande, Spain, stands as a remarkable testament to the importance of thermal baths in Roman culture. This complex played a significant role in the daily lives of the Romans, providing a space for relaxation, socializing, and rejuvenation.

Impressive and intriguing, the architectural features of the Roman Caldaria captivate the imagination. The layout and design of the Caldaria showcase the ingenuity of Roman engineering and their understanding of hydraulics.

The complex is composed of several well-preserved structures that demonstrate the mastery of Roman construction techniques.

One of the unique elements of the Caldaria is its intricate system of water supply and circulation. Hot water was supplied from thermal springs, ensuring a constant flow of warm water for the baths. The Caldaria’s design incorporated different areas, each serving a specific purpose.

So, the hot baths, with their soothing and therapeutic waters, provided a place for relaxation and wellness. The cold plunge pools offered a refreshing and invigorating experience, contrasting with the warmth of the hot baths. Steam rooms, known as sudatoria, allowed visitors to indulge in a steam bath, believed to have purifying and health-enhancing properties.

The Caldaria also included spaces for relaxation and social interaction. A central courtyard or palaestra acted as a communal area where visitors could gather, engage in physical activities, or simply enjoy the ambience. Surrounding the courtyard were various rooms and alcoves where individuals could relax, converse, or receive treatments such as massages or beauty rituals.

The Roman Caldaria not only fulfilled practical needs but also held cultural and social significance in Roman society. Bathing was an integral part of daily life, promoting hygiene, well-being, and leisure. It was a place where people from all walks of life could come together, transcending social barriers and fostering a sense of community.

What to see in Aquis Querquennis

Ruínas de Aquis Querquennis.
Roman ruins of Aquis Querquennis Spain.

The complex extends over a vast area, and due to lack of knowledge, some visitors only visit part of the camp.

Therefore, we suggest that you start with the Interpretation Center – Aquis Querquennis Centro de Interpretación Aquae Querquennae. If you are interested in knowing the history of the region, call ahead to schedule your visit: 988 44 30 01/615 582 991.

You will have an area free of charge and another more complete area that costs 1€. It is a low price considering all you can learn about Roman times.

This visit also helps you to identify the ruins when you are on the ground.

After the center, you can follow the signposted route from the camp.

Several places of interest are identified, such as the Centurion’s house, the baths, and the military camp. All this with the beautiful lake as a backdrop!

Remember that the spa region (Caldas Romanas de Bande) is located a little further away and is a beautiful place, so don’t forget to walk there.

If you prefer, you can pick up your cell phone and take a guided tour with the help of QR codes that are next to the main places.

Things to do near Aquis Querquennis

Depending on how long you are planning to stay in the region, it may be interesting to include other tourist attractions in your itinerary.

The visit to the ruins only takes a few hours, but if you are thinking of enjoying the river beach, you can spend a whole day there.

So, on the Spanish side, you can take a detour to Caldaria de Lobios (20 km) to take a free dip in the thermal waters.

Alternatively, take a trip back in time to Aldeia Submersa de Aceredo (18 km) and Escusalla, a few km further on towards the border with Portugal, or pass by the Castelo de Lindoso (26 km) or take a look at the granaries from Soajo.


Hotel Fonte Velha
Hotel Fonte Velha in Ponte da Barca (Portugal).

In terms of accommodation, consider looking for a hotel in Ourense if you are thinking of visiting several places, as the accommodation offer is more diverse.

Another alternative is to stay overnight in Lobios or choose the village of Ponte da Barca (Hotel Fonte Velha) as the main location.

Book your hotel in Ourense

Practical Information about Aquis Querquennis

Aquis Querquennis, home to the remarkable Roman Caldaria, is located in Bande, approximately 50km from Ourense in Galicia, Spain.

Referred to as A Cidá, this site holds great historical significance as an important Roman base camp that dates back to the 1st century.

Within the premises, visitors can delight in a picturesque lake and river beaches, offering a refreshing escape during the summer months.

It’s important to note that certain areas, such as the spa, may occasionally be submerged by water.

Conveniently, free car parks are available at the river beach of Porto Quintela and at the Interpretation Centre. Adjacent to the river beach, there is also a designated picnic area, perfect for enjoying family outings.

For travelers with motorhomes, the Porto Quintela motorhome park is located just a few meters away, providing a convenient option for accommodation.

Immerse yourself in the captivating wonders of Aquis Querquennis, where ancient history blends seamlessly with the natural beauty of the surrounding area.

How to get to Aquis Querquennis Spain

Leaving the city of Porto (Portugal), expect a journey of about 150 km, that is, it takes about two hours to reach the Roman ruins.

But if you are in Ourense, the journey is approximately 50 km, which means you have to drive 40 minutes.

Subscribe our YouTube channel for more travel videos!

You May Also Like:

We are a Portuguese Family traveling around the world and sharing our journey and experiences at Here you can find plenty of family budget travel tips as well as practical information about numerous destinations in Europe, Africa, Asia and America. We have visited 30+ countries and we don’t plan on stopping anytime soon. Follow our adventures on YouTube / Instagram / Pinterest / Twitter / Facebook.

Plan your trip!

Book your trips with Passaporte no Bolso partners. The brands listed below are to be trusted, and for that reason, we recommend them!

Also, by using these links, we receive a small commission, which helps us keep the blog up to date. We appreciate the contribution!

  • Hotels on Booking;
  • Tours, tickets to museums, transfers to and from the airport and tourist attractions without queues and with occasional discounts on Get Your Guide;
  • Tailor-made travel insurance (includes COVID-19 insurance), with service in Portuguese and other languages and with a 5% discount at IATI Seguros;

Don’t forget that we plan our trips and those of our friends so we can plan yours too! Please send us an email at

This post may contain affiliate links.

Partilhar Artigo

Related Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.